What is Down syndrome?

A genetic chromosome 21 disorder causing developmental and intellectual delays.

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in extra genetic material from chromosome 21.

Down syndrome causes a distinct facial appearance, intellectual disability and developmental delays. It may be associated with thyroid or heart disease.

Early intervention programmes with a team of therapists and special educators who can treat each child's specific situation are helpful in managing Down syndrome.

Requires a medical diagnosis

Down syndrome causes a distinct facial appearance, intellectual disability and developmental delays. It may be associated with thyroid or heart disease.

People may experience:

Difficulty thinking and understanding, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, atlantoaxial instability, bent little finger, congenital heart disease, displacement of the tongue, excess skin on the back of the neck, flaccid muscles, hearing loss, immune deficiency, low-set ears, mouth breathing, obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, polycythemia, seborrheic dermatitis, single line on palm, thickening of the skin of the palms and soles, or vision disorder

Down syndrome

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